Tree Talk: The Role of Fungi in Urban Forestry
Date: Thursday, Oct 17, 2019
Time: 7:30 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.
Where: Elora Centre for the Arts, 75 Melville St, Elora
Cost: Free for members, $5 non-members
Speaker: KYLE MCLOUGHLIN
Understanding the role trees play in our developing urban landscape is critical. Fungi however are often overlooked, even by the professionals. This talk will discuss the anatomy of mushrooms, the role of a risk assessor in urban forestry management, and the ways fungi can affect trees. Join us to learn more about the role of fungi in maintaining the health of urban trees.
Neighbourwoods thanks our 2019-20 Tree Talk Sponsor, the Elora-Salem Horticultural Society, for their support.
Date: Saturday, Oct 19
Time: 10:00 – 11:30 a.m.
Where: Aboyne Trail (968 Wellington Road 18, south side of road, just east of Wellington County Museum)
Cost: $5.00. Please email email@example.com to pre-register.
Join us for a walk with arborist Kyle McLoughlin. Learn to identify common fungi, the difference between a mushroom and a conk, and see how fungi interact with trees on a daily basis. Ideas discussed in the “Role of Fungi in Urban Forestry” talk will be expanded. You will be surprised at what you’ll learn.About the speaker and guide: Kyle McLoughlin is a member of the International Society of Arboriculture Ontario Chapter education committee. He has delivered numerous workshops and lectures on plant pathology and the relationship between trees and fungus. Kyle is the owner and Practicing Arborist of Ironwood Arboricultural Solutions, and has practiced arboriculture in Canada, the United States, and Australia.
Neighbourwoods thanks our 2019-20 Tree Talk Sponsor, the Elora-Salem Horticultural Society, for their support.
Plan E, a program incubated by Elora Environment Centre with key national partners, is dedicated to finding and equipping the next generation of Canadian youth to better lead and educate around global Climate Change issues.
Our first initiative was The Plan E Climate Video Challenge because we believe that stories hold the power to inspire action. We wish to thank the many, many youth who submitted video entries and are pleased to present the Winner and Runner-Up from those excellent work by youth from ages 11 to 18.
Dear Canadians by Talia Yawney
Title: Dear Canadians
Creator: Talia Yawney
Age: 16 years old
Location: Guelph, ON, Canada
Dear Canadians was chosen as the winner of the Plan E Climate Video Challenge. This film is written from the perspective of Mother Earth as she narrates a letter for all Canadians. Her letter discusses current issues regarding the environment such as the statistics about Canada warming twice as fast as the average rate of global warming and Canada’s relationship with the industry despite the recent declaration of a national state of climate emergency. This film calls Canadians to protect the environment for future generations and to open their eyes to the effects of climate change in their home country and abroad.
Talia will accompany Dear Canadians when it is screened at the Planet in Focus Film Festival in Toronto on Saturday October 19th.
Take Action! by Evie Murray & Amelie Gamble
Title: Take Action!
Creators: Evie Murray and Amelie Gamble
Age: 11 years old
Location: Waterloo, ON, Canada
This film captures Evie and Amelie interviewing members of their community about their thoughts on climate change. The video ends with them sharing an important lesson around climate action!
Neighbourwoods sat down with Mat recently and posed some questions that we know readers are wondering:
Does the Township use the Inventory Data we’ve collected over the years and if so, how?
Yes. We sure appreciate having the data on so many of our trees and use it in 3 ways:
- We have established 7 community maintenance pruning zones in CW, and tackled Zone 1 first because that is where we had the most inventory data. Knowing the structural health of our trees helps determine fair pricing for our pruning contractor.
- Our chief mandate in planting is diversity to mitigate the risk of widespread disease in one species. Because of Neighourwoods, we know that we have a large number of Maple trees, so we can make informed decisions about what to plant to start to build a more diverse urban forest.
- When I am asked to look at a specific tree, the more historical data I have about a tree, the better I can understand the overall health of the tree.
Speaking of planting, we are seeing lots of new street trees – what’s being planted and how many?
About 70% native species like Oaks, Hackberries and Serviceberries- which as small stature trees make them ideal under hydro lines. About 30% are non-native for 2 reasons; because there is a limited supply of native stock and some are, frankly, hardier for some sites– like the Japanese Zelkova (related to an Elm) and Katsura trees.
We’ve planted about 200 street trees in 2017 and another 200 in 2018 and plant to put in the same this year.
I’d like to remind residents if they have an irrigation bag around their tree, please fill it about once a week during hot dry weather, to help the tree get established.
What is the success rate of street trees?
About 90% – and we count on homeowners to do their part by watering, mulching and pruning their baby trees correctly.
I know the township is also planting in naturalized areas – can you elaborate?
I’ve organized some community planting days with help from the corporate sector which sends volunteers and provides some of the funding needed to purchase plant material.
In 2018, 90 trees and shrubs were planted at the Fergus Sportsplex with the Rotary Club of Fergus Elora and Green Legacy
- 290 trees and shrubs along the Trestle Bridge Trail near Southridge park with support from Vitner’s Cellar, CanSafe – Safety Zone Fergus, and Friends of the Grand.
- 141 trees and shrubs beside the Cottontail Trail with help from Union Gas, Dillon Consulting and Green Legacy.
And this spring, we planted 276 trees and shrubs at Elora Meadows Park, Harper Crescent Park and the Gzowski Street trailhead of the Elora Cataract trail with support from RBC and Green Legacy.
The Ash trees seem to be coming down faster now – is that true?
Yes. We are about halfway through the 12 year Emerald Ash Borer infestation and ash mortality cycle. We are seeing larger numbers of ash trees declining this year than previous years and expect even more next year. We’ve lost about 1,500 so far and 50 more are slated for removal next month. Our goal is to re-plant at a ratio of 2:1 but because it is so busy now, the rate is closer to 1:1, but we’ll make up for the trees down the road.
What about those drastically pruned Ash trees on Chalmers Street in Elora?
They will be coming down this year.
For homeowners who would like a new street tree, what should they do?
Call me. We’ll check out the site for overhead wires and ensure there is adequate soil volume, we’ll put them on the list and get to them as fast as possible.
And we have to ask the age-old question: is a public tree bylaw in our future?
There is staff and council support for it – it’s coming along. For one thing, it will be helpful for giving enforcement teeth to tree protection zone requirements outlined in our Public Forest Policy.
Thank you Mat.
People are welcome to call me at 519-846-9691 x 218 or email me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
If you are curious to learn more about the history, biology and folklore of some of our community’s celebrated trees, you will be interested to hear that Neighbourwoods has produced an online interactive tool that you can access on your laptop, desktop and mobile phone.
This new hands-on Story Map was inspired by last year’s Tour the Trees event, where cyclist Rick Goodfellow lead local peddlers around the community to learn about notable trees and sites. Now, regardless of whether you are cycling, walking, or simply sitting in your own home, you can experience the tour for yourself, fit with stories, pictures, and video content about each tree.
From mid-July until late August, all the trees on the map will be identified by a laminated sign with a QR code. Those with the QR app on their phone will be one quick scan away from accessing everything you need to know about each tree.
Neighbourwoods is grateful to Greg Wolowich, GIS Planning Coordinator for the Township for his tech support and to the Township for their funding under the Community Impact Grant program.
For more information about the story map please visit eloraenvironmentcentre.ca, and follow us at @eloraenvironmentcentre on Facebook and Instagram.
To access the story map, visit: https://qrgo.page.link/Dsma1
Summer is finally upon us in Centre Wellington, and for the tenth consecutive year Neighbourwoods volunteers and summer students will be conducting tree inventory on residential streets in Salem. Neighbourwoods identifies, measures and assesses the health of our boulevard, park, front yard, and side yard trees. To date, volunteers have collected detailed data on more than 11,000 trees in our community, helping to contribute to the grand total of 100,000 trees inventoried across Ontario.
Be sure to keep an eye out for our volunteers wearing bright yellow Neighbourwoods t-shirts, and if you have any questions email us at email@example.com.
Thank you to all who joined us in launching our carbon offset program! June 1st, Tree Trust saw its first mature tree cared for by Baum Tree Care, MW Tree Service, Full Circle Tree Care, and Out of Your Tree Care. These arborists worked to extend the life of the Sugar Maple, thereby prolonging its ability to sequester carbon.
We would like to thank MP Michael Chong for showing support, as well as Jason Thompson for being the first to offset his flight, and thereby adopting a quarter of the tree.
If you would like to offset your flight or learn more, visit TreeTrust.ca or click on the “Carbon Offset” Tab.
Neighbourwoods 2019 Spring Tree Talk: “raresites: Land Conservation in the 21st Century”
On March 26, our guest speaker Tom Woodcock gave us an in-depth look into the ‘what, where, when, why, and how’ of the rare Charitable Research Reserve.
What is rare?
The Reserve is an area of over 900 acres, on the Grand River between Kitchener and Cambridge. Its mandate is to preserve and steward ecologically significant land in Waterloo and Wellington Counties. A sampling of the 24 different habitats under protection include old-growth Carolinian forest; floodplains; meadow and prairie; bird and turtle breeding grounds; and stops along bird migration routes.
Rare’s conservation activities comprise three areas:
- Conservation: including tree planting, management of invasive species, and trail maintenance
- Scientific research: a living laboratory that hosts environmental research projects and monitoring
- Education: public events, environmental education programs, volunteer opportunities, and recreation such as hiking trails, to enable the public to learn about and value their natural surroundings.
Rare is a non-profit organization that depends on volunteers and is funded mainly by donations, and some funding from the region for specific projects.
Why does rare do what it does?
We are all familiar with the threats to land and forests from an increasing human population: consumption of living space, food, water, and resources; climate change; loss and degradation of habitat; and pollution.
From one perspective, ‘undeveloped’ land can appear to be inactive, inert, and of no value until a commercial developer comes along to build something on it. From a more accurate perspective, natural landscapes actively provide a huge variety of ‘ecological services’, including water filtration, flood and erosion control, removal of air pollutants, recycling of nutrients and renewal of soil, pollination, absorption of greenhouse gases, and support for the biodiversity that makes this all possible. These ‘services’ of course benefit not just humans, but all other species on which we and the earth’s ecosystem depend.
To get a sense of how valuable these services are, ask yourself for example: how do I get clean water? Ecoservices are ‘free’, but they require the space and time to do their jobs. If ecoservices disappear, replacing them comes at a cost. Consider for example the costs of building a water treatment plant, paying for flood insurance or damage, healthcare costs due to air and water pollution, or the need for more and more fertilizers and pesticides to compensate for diminishing soil quality.
The message is that we are depleting the earth’s natural ecoservices at an unsustainable rate – we are using more than the environment can provide. ‘Half Earth’ is a concept proposed by Harvard biologist E.O. Wilson, which states that we need to set aside and protect one half of the earth’s natural habitats in order to maintain the biodiversity that is essential for the earth’s ecoservices to be sustainable.
What are some solutions?
The answer to the question ‘why conserve land?’ became clear. We need to achieve a balance between usage and preservation of natural resources. Rare supports this goal by:
- Stewarding land that is already under protection, in perpetuity
- Reconnecting fragmented landscapes so that habitats are not disrupted and species have increased chances of survival
- Acquiring more lands for preservation, through purchase or donation. For example, a current project is underway to build a conservation corridor along the Eramosa River, that would extend from Eden Mills through Rockwood, Guelph, and the Eramosa Valley. This project has the potential to almost double the area of land under protection by rare.
Underpinning all of these efforts is the need to engage and educate the public as to the value of natural landscapes, not only for their ecoservices but for the enjoyment and well-being they provide.
In case all of these problems seem too large to resolve, we can remind ourselves of Tom’s decription of ecological activity as: ‘little actions or processes happening an unimaginable number of times’. With that in mind, the small efforts of each of us can potentially add up to a large turnaround in the ways we use and preserve our natural landscapes.
Neighbourwoods thanks our 2018-19 Tree Talk Sponsor, the Elora-Salem Horticultural Society,
for their support.
Community maintenance pruning is planned for April 13, 2019 in the Elora Meadows neighbourhood. Juvenile trees located within the Township owned road right-of-way may be pruned in order to improve their structure and future health. The pruning will take place between 8:30am and 12:00pm by Neighbourwoods Citizen Pruners accompanied by two to three members of the Centre Wellington Arborist Association.
If you are interested in volunteering please contact Neighbourwoods.